Apakah Ayat-ayat dan Dalil Wala’ kepada Orang Beriman dan Haram Wala’ kepada Kuffar dan Musyrikin?

Semoga Allah memberi pertolongan kepada anda. Semoga Allah menunjukan kita jalan yang diredhainya.
Di antara ikatan iman yang kukuh adalah kasih sayang kerana Allah dan membenci kerana Allah.
Allah telah memfardhukan kepada orang beriman permusuhan dan perseteruan dengan orang yang kuffar.
Allah juga telah memfardhukan jihad menentang orang kuffar dan munafiq dan bersikap tegas dengan mereka.
Allah telah melaknat dan menjanjikan laknat dan kematian bagi orang kuffar.
Allah telah menjadikan mereka yang bersama orang kuffar adalah sama dengan hukum mereka. Bagaimana mungkin seorang yang mengasihi Allah bersama dan mengasihi orang yang dibenci dan dimurkai Allah SWT?
Sedangkan Allah sendiri menjelaskan kemunafikan dan kekufuran orang yang mengambil kuffar sebagai penolong.

Dalil pertama:

لَا يَتَّخِذِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الْكَافِرِينَ أَوْلِيَاءَ مِنْ دُونِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ فَلَيْسَ مِنَ اللَّهِ فِي شَيْءٍ إِلَّا أَنْ تَتَّقُوا مِنْهُمْ تُقَاةً وَيُحَذِّرُكُمُ اللَّهُ نَفْسَهُ وَإِلَى اللَّهِ الْمَصِيرُ (28)ال عمران

Maksudnya:

“Janganlah orang-orang yang beriman mengambil orang-orang kafir menjadi teman rapat (auliya’) dengan meninggalkan orang-orang yang beriman dan sesiapa yang melakukan (larangan) yang demikian maka tiadalah dia (mendapat perlindungan) dari Allah dalam sesuatu apapun, kecuali kamu hendak menjaga diri daripada sesuatu bahaya yang ditakuti dari pihak mereka (yang kafir itu) dan Allah perintahkan supaya kamu beringat-ingat terhadap kekuasaan diriNya (menyeksa kamu) dan kepada Allah jualah tempat kembali. “(Surah Ali Imran: 28).

Dalil kedua:

الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا يُقَاتِلُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا يُقَاتِلُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ الطَّاغُوتِ فَقَاتِلُوا أَوْلِيَاءَ الشَّيْطَانِ إِنَّ كَيْدَ الشَّيْطَانِ كَانَ ضَعِيفًا (76) أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ قِيلَ لَهُمْ كُفُّوا أَيْدِيَكُمْ وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ فَلَمَّا كُتِبَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْقِتَالُ إِذَا فَرِيقٌ مِنْهُمْ يَخْشَوْنَ النَّاسَ كَخَشْيَةِ اللَّهِ أَوْ أَشَدَّ خَشْيَةً وَقَالُوا رَبَّنَا لِمَ كَتَبْتَ عَلَيْنَا الْقِتَالَ لَوْلَا أَخَّرْتَنَا إِلَى أَجَلٍ قَرِيبٍ قُلْ مَتَاعُ الدُّنْيَا قَلِيلٌ وَالْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لِمَنِ اتَّقَى وَلَا تُظْلَمُونَ فَتِيلًا (77) النساء

Maksudnya:

“Orang-orang yang beriman, berperang pada jalan Allah dan orang-orang yang kafir pula berperang pada jalan Taghut (Syaitan). Oleh sebab itu, perangilah kamu akan pengikut-pengikut (auliya’) Syaitan itu, kerana sesungguhnya tipu daya Syaitan itu adalah lemah. (76) Tidakkah engkau (hairan) melihat (wahai Muhammad), akan orang-orang yang (pernah) dikatakan kepada mereka: Tahanlah tangan kamu (daripada bertindak melancarkan perang yang belum diizinkan) dan dirikanlah sembahyang serta berikanlah zakat. (Mereka meminta juga hendak berperang), kemudian apabila mereka diperintahkan berperang, tiba-tiba sepuak di antara mereka merasa gerun kepada manusia sama seperti mereka merasa gerun kepada (azab) Allah atau lebih gerun lagi. Lalu mereka (merayu kepada Allah dengan) berkata: Wahai Tuhan kami, mengapa Engkau wajibkan kami berperang (pada saat ini)? Mengapa Engkau tidak biarkan kami hingga ke tempoh yang singkat (iaitu akhir hayat kami)? Katakanlah (wahai Muhammad): Harta benda yang menjadi kesenangan di dunia ini adalah sedikit sahaja, (dan akhirnya akan lenyap) dan (balasan) hari akhirat itu lebih baik lagi bagi orang-orang yang bertakwa (kerana ia lebih mewah dan kekal selama-lamanya) dan kamu pula tidak akan dianiaya sedikit pun. / (77).

Dalil ketiga:

فَمَا لَكُمْ فِي الْمُنَافِقِينَ فِئَتَيْنِ وَاللَّهُ أَرْكَسَهُمْ بِمَا كَسَبُوا أَتُرِيدُونَ أَنْ تَهْدُوا مَنْ أَضَلَّ اللَّهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلِ اللَّهُ فَلَنْ تَجِدَ لَهُ سَبِيلًا (88) وَدُّوا لَوْ تَكْفُرُونَ كَمَا كَفَرُوا فَتَكُونُونَ سَوَاءً فَلَا تَتَّخِذُوا مِنْهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءَ حَتَّى يُهَاجِرُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَإِنْ تَوَلَّوْا فَخُذُوهُمْ وَاقْتُلُوهُمْ حَيْثُ وَجَدْتُمُوهُمْ وَلَا تَتَّخِذُوا مِنْهُمْ وَلِيًّا وَلَا نَصِيرًا (89) إِلَّا الَّذِينَ يَصِلُونَ إِلَى قَوْمٍ بَيْنَكُمْ وَبَيْنَهُمْ مِيثَاقٌ أَوْ جَاءُوكُمْ حَصِرَتْ صُدُورُهُمْ أَنْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ أَوْ يُقَاتِلُوا قَوْمَهُمْ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَسَلَّطَهُمْ عَلَيْكُمْ فَلَقَاتَلُوكُمْ فَإِنِ اعْتَزَلُوكُمْ فَلَمْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ وَأَلْقَوْا إِلَيْكُمُ السَّلَمَ فَمَا جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ عَلَيْهِمْ سَبِيلًا (90) النساء

Maksudnya:

“Maka apakah yang menyebabkan kamu (berpecah) menjadi dua golongan terhadap kaum munafik itu, padahal Allah telah menjerumuskan mereka (ke dalam kekufuran) disebabkan apa yang telah mereka usahakan? Adakah kamu pula hendak memberi petunjuk kepada orang-orang yang telah disesatkan oleh Allah? Padahal sesiapa yang telah disesatkan oleh Allah, maka engkau tidak sekali-kali akan mendapat jalan untuk menyelamatkannya. (88) Mereka suka kalau kamu pula menjadi kafir sebagaimana mereka telah menjadi kafir, maka (dengan yang demikian) menjadilah kamu sama seperti mereka. Oleh itu janganlah kamu mengambil (seorang pun) di antara mereka menjadi teman rapat kamu, sehingga mereka berhijrah pada jalan Allah (untuk menegakkan Islam). Kemudian kalau mereka sengaja berpaling ingkar, maka tawanlah mereka dan bunuhlah mereka di mana sahaja kamu menemuinya dan jangan sekali-kali kamu mengambil (seorang pun) di antara mereka menjadi teman rapat atau penolong. (89) Kecuali orang-orang yang pergi (meminta perlindungan) kepada suatu kaum yang ada ikatan perjanjian setia antara kamu dengan mereka atau orang-orang yang datang kepada kamu sedang hati mereka merasa berat hendak memerangi kamu atau memerangi kaumnya dan jika Allah menghendaki, nescaya Dia menjadikan mereka berkuasa melawan kamu, kemudian tentulah mereka memerangi kamu. Dalam pada itu, jika mereka membiarkan kamu (dengan tidak mengancam atau mengganggu), serta mereka tidak memerangi kamu dan mereka menawarkan perdamaian kepada kamu, maka Allah tidak menjadikan bagi kamu sesuatu jalan (yang membolehkan kamu memerangi atau menawan) mereka. “(90) (Surah Al-Nisa’ : 88-90).

Dalil keempat:

Sifat orang munafiq

Orang munafiq adalah mereka yang mengambil orang kafir sebagai penolong untuk berkuasa.
Adakah mereka mencari kuasa dan kemuliaan dengan mangambil orang kafir sebagai pembantu dan penolong

بَشِّرِ الْمُنَافِقِينَ بِأَنَّ لَهُمْ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا (138) الَّذِينَ يَتَّخِذُونَ الْكَافِرِينَ أَوْلِيَاءَ مِنْ دُونِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَيَبْتَغُونَ عِنْدَهُمُ الْعِزَّةَ فَإِنَّ الْعِزَّةَ لِلَّهِ جَمِيعًا (139) وَقَدْ نَزَّلَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِي الْكِتَابِ أَنْ إِذَا سَمِعْتُمْ آيَاتِ اللَّهِ يُكْفَرُ بِهَا وَيُسْتَهْزَأُ بِهَا فَلَا تَقْعُدُوا مَعَهُمْ حَتَّى يَخُوضُوا فِي حَدِيثٍ غَيْرِهِ إِنَّكُمْ إِذًا مِثْلُهُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ جَامِعُ الْمُنَافِقِينَ وَالْكَافِرِينَ فِي جَهَنَّمَ جَمِيعًا (140) النساء

Maksudnya:

“Sampaikanlah khabar berita kepada orang-orang munafik: Bahawa sesungguhnya disediakan untuk mereka azab seksa yang tidak terperi sakitnya. (138) (Iaitu) orang-orang yang mengambil orang-orang kafir menjadi teman rapat dengan meninggalkan orang-orang yang beriman. Tidaklah patut mereka (orang-orang munafik) mencari kekuatan dan kemuliaan di sisi orang-orang kafir itu, kerana sesungguhnya kekuatan dan kemuliaan itu semuanya ialah milik Allah, (diberikannya kepada sesiapa yang dikehendakiNya). (139) Dan sesungguhnya Allah telahpun menurunkan kepada kamu (perintahNya) di dalam Kitab (Al-Quran), iaitu: Apabila kamu mendengar ayat-ayat keterangan Allah diingkari dan diejek-ejek (oleh kaum kafir dan munafik), maka janganlah kamu duduk (bergaul) dengan mereka sehingga mereka masuk kepada memperkatakan soal yang lain; kerana sesungguhnya (jika kamu melakukan yang demikian), tentulah kamu sama seperti mereka. Sesungguhnya Allah akan menghimpunkan sekalian orang munafik dan orang kafir di dalam Neraka Jahanam.” (140) (Surah Al-Nisa’: 138-140).

Dalil kelima:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا الْكَافِرِينَ أَوْلِيَاءَ مِنْ دُونِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَتُرِيدُونَ أَنْ تَجْعَلُوا لِلَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ سُلْطَانًا مُبِينًا (144) إِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ فِي الدَّرْكِ الْأَسْفَلِ مِنَ النَّارِ وَلَنْ تَجِدَ لَهُمْ نَصِيرًا (145) النساء

Maksudnya:

Wahai orang-orang yang beriman, janganlah kamu mengambil orang-orang kafir menjadi teman rapat dengan meninggalkan orang-orang yang beriman. Adakah kamu hendak mengadakan alasan yang terang nyata bagi Allah untuk (menyeksa) kamu? (144) Sesungguhnya orang-orang munafik itu ditempatkan pada tingkatan yang terkebawah sekali dari (lapisan-lapisan dalam) Neraka dan engkau tidak sekali-kali akan mendapat sesiapa pun yang boleh menolong mereka. (145) (Surah Al-Nisa’: 144-145).

Dalil keenam:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا الْيَهُودَ وَالنَّصَارَى أَوْلِيَاءَ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ بَعْضٍ وَمَنْ يَتَوَلَّهُمْ مِنْكُمْ فَإِنَّهُ مِنْهُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ (51) فَتَرَى الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ مَرَضٌ يُسَارِعُونَ فِيهِمْ يَقُولُونَ نَخْشَى أَنْ تُصِيبَنَا دَائِرَةٌ فَعَسَى اللَّهُ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ بِالْفَتْحِ أَوْ أَمْرٍ مِنْ عِنْدِهِ فَيُصْبِحُوا عَلَى مَا أَسَرُّوا فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ نَادِمِينَ (52) المائدة

Maksudnya:

“Wahai orang-orang yang beriman! Janganlah kamu mengambil orang-orang Yahudi dan Nasrani itu sebagai teman rapat kerana setengah mereka menjadi teman rapat kepada setengahnya yang lain dan sesiapa di antara kamu yang menjadikan mereka teman rapatnya, maka sesungguhnya dia adalah dari golongan mereka itu. Sesungguhnya Allah tidak memberikan petunjuk kepada kaum yang berlaku zalim. (51) Dalam pada itu, engkau lihat orang-orang (munafik) yang ada penyakit dalam hatinya segera berusaha mendampingkan diri kepada mereka (Yahudi dan Nasrani), sambil berkata: Kami takut bahawa kami akan ditimpa bencana (yang memaksa kami meminta pertolongan mereka). Mudah-mudahan Allah akan mendatangkan kemenangan (kepada RasulNya dan umat Islam) atau mendatangkan sesuatu hukuman dari sisiNya (terhadap golongan yang munafik itu); maka sebab itu mereka akan menyesal mengenai apa yang telah mereka sembunyikan dalam hatinya. “(52) (Surah Al-Maidah : 51-52).

Dalil ketujuh:

Allah telah melarang mengambil penolong dan pembantu dari kalangan ahli kitab dan kuffar.
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا الَّذِينَ اتَّخَذُوا دِينَكُمْ هُزُوًا وَلَعِبًا مِنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ وَالْكُفَّارَ أَوْلِيَاءَ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ (57) المائدة

Maksudnya:

“Wahai orang-orang yang beriman! Janganlah kamu mengambil orang-orang yang menjadikan agama kamu sebagai ejek-ejekan dan permainan dari orang-orang yang telah diberikan Kitab sebelum kamu dan orang-orang kafir musyrik itu: Menjadi penolong-penolong dan bertakwalah kepada Allah, jika kamu benar-benar orang yang beriman. “(57) Surah Al-Maidah: 57

Dalil kelapan:

Allah melarang mengikuti hawa nafsu kaum yang telah sesat dan telah menyesatkan ramai manusia serta mereka sesat dari jalan yang benar.

قُلْ يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ لَا تَغْلُوا فِي دِينِكُمْ غَيْرَ الْحَقِّ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا أَهْوَاءَ قَوْمٍ قَدْ ضَلُّوا مِنْ قَبْلُ وَأَضَلُّوا كَثِيرًا وَضَلُّوا عَنْ سَوَاءِ السَّبِيلِ(77)

Maksudnya:

“Katakanlah: Wahai Ahli Kitab! Janganlah kamu melampau dalam agama kamu secara yang tidak benar dan janganlah kamu menurut hawa nafsu suatu kaum yang telah sesat sebelum ini dan telah menyesatkan banyak manusia dan juga (sekarang) mereka telah tersesat (jauh) dari jalan yang betul. (77) Surah Al-Maidah : 77

Maksiat dan melampaui had Allah yang menyebabkan dilaknat oleh para nabi Allah itu adalah kerana tidak mencegah kemungkaran mengambil orang kafir sebagai penolong dan pembantu. Allah menyamakan ketinggian iman dengan Allah dengan Nabi dan Kitab Allah dengan menafikan Iman tersebut terhadap orang yang mengambil orang kafir sebagai awliya’ (ketua,penolong dan pembantu).

لُعِنَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ عَلَى لِسَانِ دَاوُودَ وَعِيسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ ذَلِكَ بِمَا عَصَوْا وَكَانُوا يَعْتَدُونَ (78) كَانُوا لَا يَتَنَاهَوْنَ عَنْ مُنْكَرٍ فَعَلُوهُ لَبِئْسَ مَا كَانُوا يَفْعَلُونَ (79) تَرَى كَثِيرًا مِنْهُمْ يَتَوَلَّوْنَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لَبِئْسَ مَا قَدَّمَتْ لَهُمْ أَنْفُسُهُمْ أَنْ سَخِطَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ وَفِي الْعَذَابِ هُمْ خَالِدُونَ (80) وَلَوْ كَانُوا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالنَّبِيِّ وَمَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْهِ مَا اتَّخَذُوهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءَ وَلَكِنَّ كَثِيرًا مِنْهُمْ فَاسِقُونَ (81)

Maksudnya:

“Orang-orang kafir Yahudi dari Bani Israil telah dilaknat (di dalam Kitab-kitab Zabur dan Injil) melalui lidah Nabi Daud dan Nabi Isa Ibni Mariam. Yang demikian itu disebabkan mereka menderhaka dan selalu menceroboh. (78) Mereka sentiasa tidak berlarang-larangan (sesama sendiri) dari perbuatan mungkar (derhaka dan ceroboh), yang mereka lakukan. Demi sesungguhnya amatlah buruknya apa yang mereka telah lakukan. (79) Engkau melihat banyak dari mereka menjadikan orang-orang kafir (musyrik) teman rapat mereka. Demi sesungguhnya amatlah buruknya apa yang mereka sediakan bagi diri mereka (pada hari akhirat kelak) iaitu kemurkaan Allah menimpa mereka, dan mereka pula tetap kekal di dalam azab (Neraka). (80) Sekiranya mereka beriman kepada Allah dan kepada Nabi serta apa yang diturunkan kepadanya nescaya mereka tidak menjadikan orang-orang (musyrik) sebagai teman rapat, akan tetapi kebanyakan dari mereka adalah orang-orang fasik.” (81) (Surah Al-Maidah :78-81).

Dalil kesembilan:

Allah memberitahu orang yang paling keras permusuhan adalah yahudi dan musyrikin, mereka mempunyai visi, strategi dan muslihat.

لَتَجِدَنَّ أَشَدَّ النَّاسِ عَدَاوَةً لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا الْيَهُودَ وَالَّذِينَ أَشْرَكُوا وَلَتَجِدَنَّ أَقْرَبَهُمْ مَوَدَّةً لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا الَّذِينَ قَالُوا إِنَّا نَصَارَى ذَلِكَ بِأَنَّ مِنْهُمْ قِسِّيسِينَ وَرُهْبَانًا وَأَنَّهُمْ لَا يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ (82) المائدة

Maksudnya:

“Demi sesungguhnya engkau (wahai Muhammad) akan dapati manusia yang keras sekali permusuhannya kepada orang-orang yang beriman ialah orang-orang Yahudi dan orang-orang musyrik dan demi sesungguhnya engkau akan dapati orang-orang yang dekat sekali kasih mesranya kepada orang-orang yang beriman ialah orang-orang yang berkata: “Bahawa kami ini ialah orang-orang Nasrani”. Yang demikian itu, disebabkan ada di antara mereka pendeta-pendeta dan ahli-ahli ibadat, dan kerana mereka pula tidak berlaku sombong. “(82) (Surah Al-Maidah: 82).

Dalil kesepuluh:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا آبَاءَكُمْ وَإِخْوَانَكُمْ أَوْلِيَاءَ إِنِ اسْتَحَبُّوا الْكُفْرَ عَلَى الْإِيمَانِ وَمَنْ يَتَوَلَّهُمْ مِنْكُمْ فَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ (23) قُلْ إِنْ كَانَ آبَاؤُكُمْ وَأَبْنَاؤُكُمْ وَإِخْوَانُكُمْ وَأَزْوَاجُكُمْ وَعَشِيرَتُكُمْ وَأَمْوَالٌ اقْتَرَفْتُمُوهَا وَتِجَارَةٌ تَخْشَوْنَ كَسَادَهَا وَمَسَاكِنُ تَرْضَوْنَهَا أَحَبَّ إِلَيْكُمْ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَجِهَادٍ فِي سَبِيلِهِ فَتَرَبَّصُوا حَتَّى يَأْتِيَ اللَّهُ بِأَمْرِهِ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْفَاسِقِينَ (24) التوبة

Maksudnya:

“Wahai orang-orang yang beriman! Janganlah kamu menjadikan bapa-bapa kamu dan saudara-saudara kamu sebagai orang-orang yang didampingi jika mereka memilih kufur dengan meninggalkan iman dan sesiapa di antara kamu yang menjadikan mereka orang-orang yang didampingi, maka merekalah orang-orang yang zalim. (23) Katakanlah (wahai Muhammad): Jika bapa-bapa kamu dan anak-anak kamu dan saudara-saudara kamu dan isteri-isteri (atau suami-suami) kamu dan kaum keluarga kamu dan harta benda yang kamu usahakan dan perniagaan yang kamu bimbang akan merosot, dan rumah-rumah tempat tinggal yang kamu sukai, (jika semuanya itu) menjadi perkara-perkara yang kamu cintai lebih daripada Allah dan RasulNya dan (daripada) berjihad untuk agamaNya, maka tunggulah sehingga Allah mendatangkan keputusanNya (azab seksaNya); kerana Allah tidak akan memberi petunjuk kepada orang-orang yang fasik (derhaka).” (24) (Surah Al-Taubah: 23-24).

Dalil kesebelas:

وَلَا تَرْكَنُوا إِلَى الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا فَتَمَسَّكُمُ النَّارُ وَمَا لَكُمْ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ مِنْ أَوْلِيَاءَ ثُمَّ لَا تُنْصَرُونَ (113) هود

Maksudnya:

“Dan janganlah kamu cenderung kepada orang-orang yang berlaku zalim maka (kalau kamu berlaku demikian), api Neraka akan membakar kamu, sedang kamu tidak ada sebarang penolong pun yang lain dari Allah. Kemudian (dengan sebab kecenderungan kamu itu) kamu tidak akan mendapat pertolongan. “(113) (Surah Hud:113).

Dalil keduabelas:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا عَدُوِّي وَعَدُوَّكُمْ أَوْلِيَاءَ تُلْقُونَ إِلَيْهِمْ بِالْمَوَدَّةِ وَقَدْ كَفَرُوا بِمَا جَاءَكُمْ مِنَ الْحَقِّ يُخْرِجُونَ الرَّسُولَ وَإِيَّاكُمْ أَنْ تُؤْمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ رَبِّكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ خَرَجْتُمْ جِهَادًا فِي سَبِيلِي وَابْتِغَاءَ مَرْضَاتِي تُسِرُّونَ إِلَيْهِمْ بِالْمَوَدَّةِ وَأَنَا أَعْلَمُ بِمَا أَخْفَيْتُمْ وَمَا أَعْلَنْتُمْ وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْهُ مِنْكُمْ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ سَوَاءَ السَّبِيلِ (1) إِنْ يَثْقَفُوكُمْ يَكُونُوا لَكُمْ أَعْدَاءً وَيَبْسُطُوا إِلَيْكُمْ أَيْدِيَهُمْ وَأَلْسِنَتَهُمْ بِالسُّوءِ وَوَدُّوا لَوْ تَكْفُرُونَ (2) لَنْ تَنْفَعَكُمْ أَرْحَامُكُمْ وَلَا أَوْلَادُكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يَفْصِلُ بَيْنَكُمْ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ (3) قَدْ كَانَتْ لَكُمْ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ فِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ إِذْ قَالُوا لِقَوْمِهِمْ إِنَّا بُرَآءُ مِنْكُمْ وَمِمَّا تَعْبُدُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ كَفَرْنَا بِكُمْ وَبَدَا بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكُمُ الْعَدَاوَةُ وَالْبَغْضَاءُ أَبَدًا حَتَّى تُؤْمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَحْدَهُ إِلَّا قَوْلَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ لِأَبِيهِ لَأَسْتَغْفِرَنَّ لَكَ وَمَا أَمْلِكُ لَكَ مِنَ اللَّهِ مِنْ شَيْءٍ رَبَّنَا عَلَيْكَ تَوَكَّلْنَا وَإِلَيْكَ أَنَبْنَا وَإِلَيْكَ الْمَصِيرُ (4) الممتحنة

Maksudnya:

“Wahai orang-orang yang beriman! Janganlah kamu mengambil musuhKu dan musuh kamu menjadi teman rapat, dengan cara kamu sampaikan kepada mereka (berita-berita rahsia orang-orang mukmin) dengan sebab hubungan baik dan kasih mesra yang ada di antara kamu dengan mereka, sedang mereka telah kufur ingkar terhadap kebenaran (Islam) yang sampai kepada kamu; mereka pula telah mengeluarkan Rasulullah (s.a.w) dan juga mengeluarkan kamu (dari Tanah Suci Mekah) disebabkan kamu beriman kepada Allah Tuhan kamu. (Janganlah kamu berbuat demikian) jika betul kamu keluar untuk berjihad pada jalanKu dan untuk mencari keredaanKu. (Tidak ada sebarang faedahnya) kamu mengadakan hubungan kasih mesra dengan mereka secara rahsia, sedang Aku amat mengetahui akan apa yang kamu rahsiakan dan apa yang kamu zahirkan. Dan (ingatlah), sesiapa di antara kamu yang melakukan perkara yang demikian, maka sesungguhnya telah sesatlah dia dari jalan yang betul. / (1) Jika mereka dapat menguasai kamu, nescaya mereka menjadi musuh yang membahayakan kamu dan mereka akan membebaskan tangan mereka dan lidah mereka terhadap kamu dengan kejahatan, serta mereka suka kalaulah kamu juga menjadi kafir (seperti mereka). (2) Kaum kerabat kamu dan anak-anak kamu (yang tidak menurut kamu beriman) tidak sekali-kali akan mendatangkan sebarang faedah kepada kamu pada hari kiamat; Allah akan memisahkan di antara kamu semua (pada hari itu) dan (ingatlah), Allah Maha Melihat segala yang kamu kerjakan. (3) Sesungguhnya adalah bagi kamu pada bawaan Nabi Ibrahim (a.s) dan pengikut-pengikutnya contoh ikutan yang baik, semasa mereka berkata kepada kaumnya (yang kufur ingkar): Sesungguhnya kami berlepas diri daripada kamu dan daripada apa yang kamu sembah yang lain dari Allah; kami kufur ingkarkan (segala penyembahan) kamu dan (dengan ini) nyatalah perasaan permusuhan dan kebencian di antara kami dengan kamu selama-lamanya, sehingga kamu menyembah Allah semata-mata, tetapi janganlah dicontohi perkataan Nabi Ibrahim kepada bapanya (katanya): Aku akan memohon kepada Tuhanku mengampun dosamu dan aku tidak berkuasa menahan (azab seksa) dari Allah sedikit juapun daripada menimpamu. (Berdoalah wahai orang-orang yang beriman sebagaimana Nabi Ibrahim dan pengikut-pengikutnya berdoa ketika mereka memusuhi kaumnya yang kafir, dengan berkata): Wahai Tuhan kami! Kepada Engkaulah sahaja kami berserah diri dan kepada Engkaulah kami rujuk bertaubat, serta kepada Engkaulah jua tempat kembali! / (4) (Surah Al-Mumtahinah: 1-4).

Oleh: Ustaz Mukram Mohd Taib

Dasar-dasar Kepercayaan Dalam Islam

Dasar-dasar kepercayaan dalam Islam adalah seperti berikut:

1.   Percaya kepada adanya zat wajibul wujud (wajib ada) yang adanya tidak tergantung kepada yang lainnya, yang mempunyai sifat Maha Sempurna. Kepercayaan dan keyakinan yang seperti ini adalah merupakan hasil pengamatan dan penelitian terhadap isi alam semesta ini. Allah ada, mempunyai sifat ilmu, qudrat (berkuasa), hayat (hidup), sama’ (mendengar), bashar (melihat), jamal (indah), hikmah (bijaksana), iradah (berkehendak) dan lain-lain lagi, yang demikian itu dengan jelas dapat dijangkau dengan ilmu pengetahuan yang yakin bagi setiap orang yang telah meneliti dan mengamati segala isi alam yang indah dan cantik ciptaanNya. Allah Maha Kuasa dan Maha Mengetahui dan ilmu serta QudratNya mencakup seluruh makhlukNya. Kerana alam semesta ini tidak akan ada kalau tidak ada yang menciptakannya, dan penciptanya yang mempunyai ilmu dan qudrat yang maha luas dan meliputi. Al-Quran selalu mengulang sifat-sifat ini pada banyak kesempatan, dan sebagai kesimpulan dari ayat-ayat tadi tercantum dalam akhir surah al-Hasyr yang bermaksud:

“Dialah Allah yang tiada Tuhan selain Dia, Yang Mengetahui yang ghaib dan yang nyata, Dialah Yang Maha Pemurah lagi Maha Penyayang. Dialah Allah yang tiada Tuhan selain Dia, Raja yang Maha Suci, Yang Maha Sejahtera. Yang Mengurniakan Keamanan, Yang Maha Memelihara, Yang Maha Perkasa, Yang Maha Kuasa, Yang Memiliki segala Keagungan, Maha Suci Allah dari yang mereka sekutukan. Dialah Allah yang Menciptakan, Yang Mengadakan, Yang Membentuk rupa, Yang Mempunyai nama-nama yang paling baik. Bertasbih kepadaNya apa yang ada di langit dan di bumi. Dan Dialah Yang Maha Perkasa lagi Maha Bijaksana.”                                                                                                (al-Hasyr 22-24)

Belitan Iblis

“Sesungguhnya Iblis meletakkan singgahsananya di atas air, kemudian dia memanggil para pengiringnya, dan yang paling dekat kepadanya ialah yang paling berat fitnah yang dicubainya. Maka datanglah setiap satu dari mereka seraya berkata: Aku telah melakukan begini dan begitu. Maka berkata Iblis kepadanya: Engkau masih belum lakukan apa-apa pun! Kemudian datang yang lain mengatakan : Aku tidak berpisah dengan orang itu melainkan setelah aku berjaya menceraikan antaranya dengan isterinya. Lalu Iblis pun mendekatkan pengiringnya yang ini, dan didudukkannya di sisinya seraya mengatakan kepadanya: Benar, engkau sudah membuat sesuatu!” (Riwayat Muslim).

Naught Is as His likeness!

Name of Questioner

Maryam   – Qatar

 

Title

Naught Is as His likeness!

 

Question

As-Salamu `Alaykum. Most people imagine Allah to have a certain form or image and to be in a particular place. Is this belief correct? What does Islam tell us about the appearance or physical attributes of Allah Almighty, and His place?

 

Date

20/Jun/2002

 

Name of Counsellor

Islam Online Fatwa Editing Desk

 

Topic

Muslim Belief

Answer

Wa`alaykum As-Salaamu Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.In The Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.Dear sister in Islam, thank you very much for having confidence in us, and we hope our efforts, which are purely for Allah’s Sake, meet your expectations.First of all, we would like to stress the fact that, every committed Muslim should have a firm belief that Allah Almighty is UNIQUE in everything. There is no resemblance between Allah, the Creator and His creation. Referring to this, Allah Almighty says: “Naught is as His likeness; and He is the Hearer, the Seer.” (Ash-Shura: 11)

Also, one should be aware of the perverted ideas promoted by non-Muslims in this regard. In addition, every Muslim has to be aware of the snares of the Satan, and to avoid any wishful thinking concerning such issues that do more harm to the minds of Muslims than benefiting them.

In his response to the question, Dr. Muzammil Siddiqi, former president of the Islamic Society of North America (ISNA), states the following:

“Allah, Glorified be He, is not something abstract. The Qur’an describes Him as a Personal Being with face, eyes, hands. He sees, hears, speaks, sits on the throne, likes and dislikes, loves and hates, certain things please Him and certain things displease Him and make Him angry. All these descriptions are in the Qur’an. Thus Allah certainly has an image or Surah.

We, Muslims, believe in and accept all that Allah has told us about Himself. But we do not say “how”.

In Islamic theology this is called ‘Bila Kayf’ or ‘without how.’ Thus, we accept that Allah has face, hands and eyes, but we do not make a picture or an image of them. Allah Almigty says:”“Naught is as His likeness; and He is the Hearer, the Seer.” (Ash-Shura: 11). He Almighty also says: “There is none equal to Him.” (Al-Ikhlas :4)

It is acceptable in Islam to say that Allah is above or to raise one’s head or hands towards the heaven to pray to Allah. The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, went to the heavens in his Mi`raj and there Allah spoke to him. The “above” signifies the greatness, honor and glory of Allah. However Allah is not limited and confined to any particular place. His knowledge encompasses everything.

The Qur’an also tells us that He is very close to us. Allah Almighty also says: “…and He is with you wheresoever ye may be. And Allah is Seer of what ye do.” (Al-Hadid: 4)”

Moreover, Dr. `Abdur-Raziq Muhammad Fadl at Al-Azhar University, adds:

“There are limits to what our mortal minds can grasp, in the sense that we will surely go astray if we give free rein to our thinking about Allah. A Muslim has to keep in mind that what applies to Allah do not apply to His Creatures. Allah Almighty says, “Vision comprehendeth Him not, but He comprehendeth (all) vision. He is the Subtle, the Aware.” (Al-An`aam: 102)

Elaborating more on this, Sheikh Muhammad Saleh Al-Munajjid, the well known Saudi Islamic lecturer and author, states:

“The people of Ahl As-Sunnah Wal Jama`ah believe that Allah is exalted above His creation. This is based on the evidence from the Qur’an, Sunnah, consensus of the scholars, common sense and man’s innate instinct or Fitrah

The Qur’an:

The Qur`an describes the “exaltedness” or “highness” of Allah in different ways, as His being High and Above, and by describing how things come down from Him, and go up to Him, and by stating that He is above heaven. For example, Allah Almighty says: “. . .and He is the Most High, the Most Great.” (Al-Baqarah : 255)

He Almighty also says: “Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High.” (Al-A’la:1)

The Sunnah:

Many authentic reports state that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, used to say “Subhana Rabbi Al-A’la or “Glory be to my Lord Most High” in sujood, and in some Hadiths he is reported to have said “By Allah Who is above the Throne.”

Among his deeds is the gesture of pointing up with his finger, when addressing the people in the greatest gathering, on the Day of ‘Arafah during his Farewell Pilgrimage. He asked the people, “Have I conveyed the message?” and they said, “Yes, you have.” He asked again, “Have I conveyed the message?” and they said, “Yes, you have “. He asked a third time, have I conveyed the message?” and they said “Yes, you have!” Each time, he said: “O Allah, bear witness!”. He said so while pointing up to the sky and then at the people.The Prophet also used to raise his hands towards heaven when he made Du`a, as it’s reported in tens of Hadiths. This also confirms the fact that Allah is Exalted and High.An example of an approval of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon Him, which indicates that Allah is Exalted and High is the Hadith concerning the young slave girl, to whom the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon Him, said: “Where is Allah?” She said: “In heaven” He asked, “Who am I?” She said, “The Messenger of Allah.” So he said to her master: “Set her free, for she is a believer.” This young girl, though uneducated and a slave, knew that her Lord is above heaven.

Common Sense:

Highness is a quality which is associated in people’s minds with perfection. If this is the case, then it should be attributed to Allah because every absolute perfection should be attributed to Him.”

The above quotation is excerpted with slight modifications from http://www.Islam-qa.com

Finally, it’s clear that Allah Almighty is Omnipresent, though our mortal minds fall short to grasp His Divine Presence. But we have to bear in mind that He is the Creator of physical space and time, He is All-Knowing of every single millimeter in the entire universe.

If you have any further comments, please don’t hesitate to write back!

May Allah guide you to the straight path, and guide you to that which pleases Him, Amen.

 

 
 

Allah Almighty knows best.

Why did Allah Create Us?

Name of Questioner

Nasrdeen   – Vietnam

 

Title

Why did Allah Create Us?

 

Question

As-Salaam Alaykum Waramatullah Wabarakatuh!Dear scholars, I want to ask about something troubling my mind. As ALLAH knows all our future and He knows which one of us is predestined for Hell and which one for Paradise, the question is, why did He create us in the first place, although whatever comes afterwards is already written and known?Secondly, In the Qur’an, there are statements like ALLAH YAHDI MAN YASHAA WA YODL MAN YASHAA. So how could we know that we are from those who ALLAH puts in the right path or not, and can we help those who are not in the right way of living and pray for them to be better or it is something already decided? Thank you.

 

 

Date

22/Jun/2002

 

Name of Counsellor

Muhammad `Ali Al-Hanooti

 

Topic

Muslim Belief

Answer

Wa Alaykum As-Salaamu, Waramatullah Wabarakatuh!In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
Dear brother in Islam, thanks for posing this interesting question. May Allah Almighty help us all obey His teachings and rules in order to gain His reward and mercy, Amen.
Responding to your question, the following is what Sheikh Muhammad `Ali Al-Hanooti, a member of the Fiqh Council of North America, says:“I understand that the one who raises this question is a Muslim who believes in Allah. I would like to tell him that Allah is the One Who has the full control over everything of His creation. We are accountable, but Allah is not. What we have of knowledge even concerning the worldly matters is very limited. I could say, relatively, that your knowledge of any science of this world could at most be very finite, whereas what is of the knowledge that you are involved in, in your perspective, is infinite.

In this regard, Allah says in the Qur’an: “Say: “If the ocean were ink (wherewith to write out) the words of my Lord, sooner would the ocean be exhausted than would the words of my Lord, even if we added another ocean like it, for its aid.” (Al-Khaf:109)

Part of what makes a person a true Muslim is to believe in the ghaybiyat (the Unseen). This means things that are known to Almighty Allah alone. A Muslim’s knowledge is always sought for deeds and action. We never know only in order to just know. Rather, we know in order to do. One of the best scholars who wrote about this is Ash-Shatibi in his book Al-Muwafaqaat [volume 1 within the thirteen introductions. ]

Al-Imam Ibn Abi Al-‘Izz in his commentary on Al-‘Aqeedah At-Tahawiyyah elaborated on the question of Qadar (destiny) in a very clear way that makes it the best literature for that cause. He says that man’s life is like a circle. That circle is called the lawful circle. Man has the free will, in whatever he wants or doesn’t want, man is provided with all the means of his free will. If he is not qualified for that then he cannot be judged for any wrongdoing; like the under age or the insane. Neither of them can be responsible for his acts for he doesn’t have the power to have free will.

Whatever we do in our life is to be judged according to the Law and we have the full power to do or not to do. No murderer will dare say to the judge that I am a murderer because Allah has predestined me to be a murderer. Rather, he would say, I know murder is haram and I did something wrong and I know that I could have avoided it. This circle is what the author calls iradah shar’iyyah. Man has the full accessibility to that circle.

This circle is surrounded with an infinite circle that is called iradah kawniyyah, which means, the Will of Allah. We cannot reach anything of that circle because it is of the Unseen. If Allah tells me that Abu Lahab was predestined to be the way he was and Iblis was created for the job he did, I say, everything of that is the second circle, I have nothing to argue with because what I have of decodification is limited to our circle. But we cannot decodify anything of the other circle.

This is why the angels said to Allah, “Glory be to You” when He asked them to tell Him the names of certain objects, as mentioned in the verse of Surah Al-Baqarah 2:32. Because they were asked a question that deals with the second circle. So they knew that getting involved in the second circle would be tantamount to some type of kufr (disbelief) or shirk (polytheism).

A Muslim should manifest his full submission to Allah, in feelings, as well as in action. His goal should always manifest his servitude to Allah and his feelings should reflect that submission and servitude to Allah.”

 

 
 

Allah Almighty knows best.

More about Allah

Name of Questioner

S. M   – Canada

 

Title

The Nature of Allah

 

Question

Scholars of Islam, as-Salamu `alaykum. I am curious about the nature of Allah. I know Allah is not a person, nor anything like a man, but the Qur’an always refers to Allah as “He” or “Him” and even sometimes “I” and “We”. Is this just for our understanding, or maybe something that is lost in the translation? I see Allah as an unfolding, never ending source of power, but without any emotion or the same kind of thought process as mortals. I was wondering if you could help me on this.

 

Date

07/Jul/2003

 

Name of Counsellor

Muzammil Siddiqi

 

Topic

Muslim Belief

Answer

Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger. Dear sister in Islam, thanks a lot for your question which reflects your care to have a sound belief and faith. Allah commands Muslims to refer to people of knowledge to become well-acquainted with the teachings of Islam in all aspects of life.Before addressing this question, it is essential to state the following: The Islamic approach towards dealing with any issue relating to faith and practice is direct. Thus, this invariably involves looking at what the Qur’an has to say, how this was understood and applied by the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and the pious generations, who are considered our perennial role models in all matters of deen (religion).

First of all, we would like to stress the fact that, every committed Muslim should have a firm belief that Allah Almighty is UNIQUE in everything. There is no resemblance between Allah the Creator and His creation. Referring to this, Allah Almighty says: “Nothing is like Him and He hears and sees all things.” (Ash-Shura: 11)

In his response to your question, Dr. Muzammil H. Siddiqi, former President of the Islamic Society of North America, states:

“According to the teachings of the Qur’an and Sunnah, we say Allah is the Most Powerful (Al-Qawiyy). We may say that Allah’s power is unfolding and never ending, but we do not say that Allah is ‘an unfolding never ending power.’

In Islam, we believe that Allah has many Names and Beautiful Attributes. Allah sees, hears, speaks, likes, and dislikes. Allah listens to our prayers and blesses those who believe in Him and obey Him. It is correct that Allah is not a person like a man, but this does not mean that Allah is some kind of abstract being, or mere energy or power. If you read the Qur’an, you will see that there are many personal qualities of Allah. But the Qur’an reminds us that “Nothing is like Him and He hears and sees all things.” (Ash-Shura: 11) This is a very profound statement. On the one hand it denies all anthropomorphism (tashbih), and on the other hand it rejects all kind of nihilism (ta`til).

Allah Most High also loves, hates, is pleased, gets angry, wishes us to do certain things, and does not like us to do some other things. But in the case of Allah these are not emotions like those of mortals. These are according to His own Majesty and Greatness. We cannot fully grasp His Attributes, because He is infinite and we are finite. We have no other way of knowing Him, except what He tells us through His Book and His Prophets. In the Qur’an Allah says about Himself in the famous Ayat al-Kursi: “Allah! There is no god but He, the Living, the Self-subsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize Him nor sleep. His are all things in the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permits? He knows what (appears to His creatures as) Before or After or Behind them. Nor shall they compass aught of His knowledge except as He wills. His Throne does extend over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them, for He is the Most High, the Supreme (in glory).” (Al-Baqarah: 255)

The pronouns ‘He’, ‘Him’ or ‘I’, ‘We’ are to indicate that Allah is a Being, not a thing. We do not use the pronoun ‘It’ for Allah. If it were our belief that Allah is ‘power’ or ‘energy’ then we could have used the expression ‘It’, but this is not acceptable in Islam. We do not believe that Allah is a male or a female. Allah is beyond maleness and femaleness. Allah is the Creator of both males and females. Muslims do not make an image of Allah. Even if an image comes to their mind they say, ‘Allah Akbar,’ (Allah is Greater) and He transcends this particular image. In the Qur’an Allah speaks sometimes as ‘I’ and sometimes as ‘We’. This is to describe His power and His closeness. But Allah is never referred to as ‘They’ or ‘You’ in the plural (hum or antum).

I suggest you read the Qur’an carefully and see for yourself what Allah says about Himself. There is no book in which you can find a more authentic and direct word of Allah better than the Qur’an.”

 

I believe in Allah

Name of Questioner

Abdul   – United States

 

Title

Who Created Allah?

 

Question

As-Salamu `alaykum, How can I respond to a question like: “Where did God come from?” Thank you in advance.

 

Date

29/Jul/2003

 

Name of Counsellor

Yusuf Estes

 

Topic

The Unseen

Answer

Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger. Dear brother in Islam, we commend your pursuit of knowledge and your keenness to understand Islamic beliefs and teachings. We earnestly implore Allah to bless your efforts in this honorable way.Responding to the question you raised, Sheikh Yusuf Estes, a prominent Muslim scholar and director of Islamtomorrow.com, states the following:

“I like your question and may Allah always make us of those who seek true knowledge to better understand our purpose of this life, Ameen.

This question has to be evaluated on its merits and restated according to Islamic understandings.

First and foremost, Muslims do not compare Allah to His creation. Therefore, the question can be answered as such due to the fact that Allah is completely Exalted and far above mortal description; He is not “like” His creation.

Allah tells us in His Book that He is “As-Samad” (The eternally Besought of all). He is also the “Al-Awwal” (First) and the “Al-’Akhir” (Last) He is without beginning or end. This is how He always was and always is, and always will be, so to speak.

Second, Islam is clear on the issue of asking questions about Allah, warning people against being influenced by such question which could plant doubt into someone’s mind or drive him away from the Right Path.

Let us consider the Hadith of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) wherein he mentioned that the Shaytan (Satan) will come to you and trouble you with questions like: “Who created this or that?” To which you would logically respond: “Allah.” Until he would come to the question: “Then who created Allah?” At which point the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) instructed us to say: “I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed devil.” And then leave off this train of thought. (Reported by Muslim)

You might also consider similar questions that the enemies of Islam have used for centuries to weaken one’s faith in the existence of Allah.

To illustrate:

When the disbelievers come to you and ask you if you believe in God, you would logically reply: “Yes.”

Then they would ask you: “Can your God do anything?” You would say: “Yes.”

Then they would ask you: “Can your God make something huge?” You would say: “Of course.”

They would say: “Can your God make something so big that nothing can move it?” Then you would say: “Yes.”

Then they would say: “You mean that your God could make something so big that nothing could ever move it?” Again, you say: “Yes.”

Then they say: “So big that even your God can’t move it?” Now you have a problem.

Either you answer: “Yes.” They will say: “Then that means your God cannot do everything. Because now there is something that your God cannot do. He cannot move the object.”

But if you answer: “No.” They will simply say: “Then this is something that your God cannot do.”

This is a similar problem to the one you have mentioned. This is the idea of a god that is having problems with his own creation. The concept of Allah in Islam is that He is never compared to His creation. He merely says: “Be.” And it is. So, Allah does not operate like a human or anyone or anything within His creation. Within the laws of creation is the rule that nothing moves except that there is a fulcrum, a lever and a force. Allah does not have to use a fulcrum and lever to move anything. One of His attributes is that He is “Al-Qawiyy” (The All Powerful).

So, He is the Power. He does not come under the rules of His creation. He makes the rules. He operates within His own rules; He changes His rules as He pleases, and according to the way He deems fit. That is the understanding of the Muslims.

For further reading on this and other important subjects on Islam, please refer to books on `Aqeedah (Muslim Creed), Tawheed (Monotheism) and other Islamic Beliefs by: Dr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Phillips; Dr. Jafar Sheikh Idris; Jamaludeen Zarabozo; Ali Tamimi, and others.”

 

Where is Allah? Another answer

 
Guest Name Dr. Muhammad Ash-Shahat Al-Jindi
Profession Professor of Shari`ah at Hilwan Univ., Faculty of Law
Subject General Fatwa Session
Date Monday,Jan 7 ,2002
   
 
Name Shihab    – 
Profession  
Question Somebody asked me: where is Allah?How can I answer him?
Answer In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.Allah is available in all places. There is no specific place where Allah is because Allah is the Owner of everything. Here, I would like to cite this example to make it clearer for you. Any person can see the light of the electric lamp in every place but he cannot specify the point that serves as the source of this light.By the same token, we can say that Allah is the source of every thing such as skies, earth, mankind. However, we cannot specify the site of His Divine Existence. We can also argue that all the landmarks we see in the universe, such as the Sun, the Moon, day and night, serve as a clear evidence of Allah’s Existence and Might. It’s logical for every vivid mind to know that it’s quite impossible for all these signs to appear in accurate manner without the Originator and Supreme Creator.

In comparison to these things, telephone and similar machines cannot work without inventor and without the necessary equipment to make them workable.

Given that we now live in the era characterized with technological revolution, people think that they have a key to every progress and have control over things which were impossible in the past. Up till now, they have control over the order of the whole universe because the One Who has full control is Allah Alone. He Almighty has the key to that order and the whole universe is subject to His Divine order and no one can change it.”

May Allah guide you to the Straight path and direct you to that which pleases Him, Amen.

Allah Almighty knows best.