MilkyWay27

Believe, Steadfast, Success

Why did Allah Create Us?

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Name of Questioner

Nasrdeen   – Vietnam

 

Title

Why did Allah Create Us?

 

Question

As-Salaam Alaykum Waramatullah Wabarakatuh!Dear scholars, I want to ask about something troubling my mind. As ALLAH knows all our future and He knows which one of us is predestined for Hell and which one for Paradise, the question is, why did He create us in the first place, although whatever comes afterwards is already written and known?Secondly, In the Qur’an, there are statements like ALLAH YAHDI MAN YASHAA WA YODL MAN YASHAA. So how could we know that we are from those who ALLAH puts in the right path or not, and can we help those who are not in the right way of living and pray for them to be better or it is something already decided? Thank you.

 

 

Date

22/Jun/2002

 

Name of Counsellor

Muhammad `Ali Al-Hanooti

 

Topic

Muslim Belief

Answer

Wa Alaykum As-Salaamu, Waramatullah Wabarakatuh!In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
Dear brother in Islam, thanks for posing this interesting question. May Allah Almighty help us all obey His teachings and rules in order to gain His reward and mercy, Amen.
Responding to your question, the following is what Sheikh Muhammad `Ali Al-Hanooti, a member of the Fiqh Council of North America, says:“I understand that the one who raises this question is a Muslim who believes in Allah. I would like to tell him that Allah is the One Who has the full control over everything of His creation. We are accountable, but Allah is not. What we have of knowledge even concerning the worldly matters is very limited. I could say, relatively, that your knowledge of any science of this world could at most be very finite, whereas what is of the knowledge that you are involved in, in your perspective, is infinite.

In this regard, Allah says in the Qur’an: “Say: “If the ocean were ink (wherewith to write out) the words of my Lord, sooner would the ocean be exhausted than would the words of my Lord, even if we added another ocean like it, for its aid.” (Al-Khaf:109)

Part of what makes a person a true Muslim is to believe in the ghaybiyat (the Unseen). This means things that are known to Almighty Allah alone. A Muslim’s knowledge is always sought for deeds and action. We never know only in order to just know. Rather, we know in order to do. One of the best scholars who wrote about this is Ash-Shatibi in his book Al-Muwafaqaat [volume 1 within the thirteen introductions. ]

Al-Imam Ibn Abi Al-‘Izz in his commentary on Al-‘Aqeedah At-Tahawiyyah elaborated on the question of Qadar (destiny) in a very clear way that makes it the best literature for that cause. He says that man’s life is like a circle. That circle is called the lawful circle. Man has the free will, in whatever he wants or doesn’t want, man is provided with all the means of his free will. If he is not qualified for that then he cannot be judged for any wrongdoing; like the under age or the insane. Neither of them can be responsible for his acts for he doesn’t have the power to have free will.

Whatever we do in our life is to be judged according to the Law and we have the full power to do or not to do. No murderer will dare say to the judge that I am a murderer because Allah has predestined me to be a murderer. Rather, he would say, I know murder is haram and I did something wrong and I know that I could have avoided it. This circle is what the author calls iradah shar’iyyah. Man has the full accessibility to that circle.

This circle is surrounded with an infinite circle that is called iradah kawniyyah, which means, the Will of Allah. We cannot reach anything of that circle because it is of the Unseen. If Allah tells me that Abu Lahab was predestined to be the way he was and Iblis was created for the job he did, I say, everything of that is the second circle, I have nothing to argue with because what I have of decodification is limited to our circle. But we cannot decodify anything of the other circle.

This is why the angels said to Allah, “Glory be to You” when He asked them to tell Him the names of certain objects, as mentioned in the verse of Surah Al-Baqarah 2:32. Because they were asked a question that deals with the second circle. So they knew that getting involved in the second circle would be tantamount to some type of kufr (disbelief) or shirk (polytheism).

A Muslim should manifest his full submission to Allah, in feelings, as well as in action. His goal should always manifest his servitude to Allah and his feelings should reflect that submission and servitude to Allah.”

 

 
 

Allah Almighty knows best.

Author: milkyway27

Aku adalah seorang insan yang hanya mengharapkan keredhaan Allah di dalam mengharungi kehidupan dunia yang sementara ini. Namun aku menyedari bahawa untuk mendapat kasih dan rahmah Allah itu memerlukan pengorbanan yang tinggi yang datang dari hati nurani yang ikhlas yang beribadat semata-mata kerana Allah, Rabbul 'Alamin.

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